The Gendered Effects of Electoral Institutions: Political Engagement & Participation (Comparative Politics) by Miki Caul Kittilson & Leslie A. Schwindt-Bayer
English | 2012 | ISBN: 0199608601 | 208 pages | PDF | 0,7 MB
In most countries around the world, women continue to lag behind men in an array of political orientations & activities. Underst&ing why this is the case & why some countries have been more successful than others at moderating gender gaps in political involvement is imperative for producing stronger & more representative democracies. Cultural, socioeconomic, & political factors explain some of the gender gaps in political involvement, but not all of them. In this book, the authors argue that electoral institutions attenuate gender gaps in mass political engagement & participation by drawing women, an 'undertapped' constituency, into the democratic process. Using cross-national & country-specific analyses, the authors show that electoral institutions play a complementary & significant role in reducing gender gaps in political involvement. The cross-national analyses draw on comparative survey data from a wide range & large number of countries. The case studies draw out the processes underlying changes in political attitudes & behaviors with evidence from four country studies: New Zeal&, Russia, France, & Uruguay. All four countries have altered their electoral institutions, either through large-scale reform of the electoral system itself or adopting gender quotas, allowing the authors to examine patterns of political involvement pre- & post-reform. The book finds that inclusive electoral systems that produce more proportional electoral outcomes have larger effects on women's political engagement & participation than on men's. Gender quotas also mediate women's engagement & participation, but to a lesser degree. On the whole, the book concludes that electoral rules designed to promote social inclusion in parliament are critical for promoting social group inclusion among the electorate.
Comparative Politics is a series for students, teachers, & researchers of political science that deals with contemporary government & politics. Global in scope, books in the series are characterised by a stress on comparative analysis & strong methodological rigour. The series is published in association with the European Consortium for Political Research. For more information visit: www.ecprnet.eu. The Comparative Politics Series is edited by Professor David M. Farrell, School of Politics & International Relations, University College Dublin, Kenneth Carty, Professor of Political Science, University of British Columbia, & Professor Dirk Berg-Schlosser, Institute of Political Science, Philipps University, Marburg.