English | ISBN: 0231175507 | 2015 | 328 pages | PDF | 2 MB
Some Islamic scholars hold that Salafism is an innovative & rationalist effort at Islamic reform that emerged in the late nineteenth century but disappeared in the mid twentieth. Others argue Salafism is an anti-innovative & antirationalist movement of Islamic purism that dates back to the medieval period yet persists today. Though they contradict each other, both narratives are considered authoritative, making it hard for outsiders to grasp the history of the ideology & its core beliefs.
Introducing a third, empirically based genealogy, The Making of Salafism underst&s the movement as a recent conception of Islam projected back onto the past, & it sees its purist evolution as a direct result of decolonization. Henri Lauzière builds his history on the transnational networks of Taqi al-Din al-Hilali (1894-1987), a Moroccan Salafi who, with his associates, oversaw Salafism's modern development. Traveling from Rabat to Mecca, from Calcutta to Berlin, al-Hilali interacted with high-profile Salafi scholars & activists who eventually ab&oned Islamic modernism in favor of a more purist approach to Islam. Today, Salafis claim a monopoly on religious truth & freely confront other Muslims on theological & legal issues. Lauzière's pathbreaking history recognizes the social forces behind this purist turn, uncovering the popular origins of what has become a global phenomenon.